When exalted Sun is placed in the fifth house in a horoscope, Sagittarius rises in the ascendant. Exalted Sun is benefic in the fifth house in most cases though it may turn malefic in some cases. This generally happens when Sun is afflicted by malefic planets, such as through conjunction and/or aspects. As the number of malefic planets and the strengths of such planets increase, Sun may become more malefic.
If exalted Sun is afflicted by two or more than two malefic planets in the fifth house, it may turn significantly or highly malefic. Apart from that, the overall theme of horoscope having such exalted Sun can also turn it malefic in some cases, when such theme is highly malefic. The concept of benefic planets turning malefic due to influences of malefic planets has been explained in Manglik Dosh section of the book ‘Match Making and Manglik Dosh (Revised Edition)’.
Let’s look at some results which may be given by exalted Sun in the fifth house when it is benefic. Benefic exalted Sun in the fifth house can bless the native with good results related to profession, father, children, love life, spiritual growth, fame, creativity, higher education and several other good results depending on his overall horoscope. Looking at education, one such native may achieve good results related to higher education and he may also perform well in competitive exams when the overall horoscope is supportive.
Taking an example, suppose a benefic combination of Sun and Mercury is placed in the fifth house of a horoscope in Aries. In such case, the native may perform well in higher education, he may succeed in competitive exams and he may make a career through such success. The type of profession the native may choose depends on the rest of his horoscope. For instance, if benefic exalted Jupiter is placed in the eighth house in Cancer, exalted Venus is placed in the fourth house in Pisces and Saturn is placed in the sixth house in Taurus, the native may engage in medical profession. The native may become a doctor and he may achieve success through his profession.
Looking at a variation, suppose the recent placements of Jupiter, Venus and Saturn are annulled. Suppose a benefic combination of Jupiter and Mars is placed in the first house of this horoscope in Sagittarius, benefic Rahu is placed in the ninth house in Leo and Ketu is placed in the third house in Aquarius. In this case, the native may engage in the field of IT or some other likewise field and he may achieve success through it. At the same time, if Saturn is placed in the third house in Aquarius along with Ketu, the native may achieve better results. The native may engage in business related to IT and he may come across good amount of money and recognition through it.
On the other hand, malefic exalted Sun in the fifth house can trouble the native with problems related to profession, marriage, children and several other problems, depending on his overall horoscope. Looking at the sphere of children, such malefic exalted Sun may delay the birth of the first child, especially if the native is female.
Taking an example, suppose a combination of exalted Sun and malefic Venus is placed the fifth house of a horoscope in Aries and malefic debilitated Mars is placed in the eighth house in Cancer. Sun is afflicted by malefic Venus and Mars being the lord of the fifth house is debilitated in the eighth house which is a difficult house. As a result, the native may witness problems related to childbirth as well as those related to children after they are born.
If this is the horoscope of a female, she may witness one or more than one miscarriage or abortion, before she may give birth to an alive child. If debilitated Moon is placed in the twelfth house of this horoscope in Scorpio, such female native may not be able to have her first child till the age of 35 or she may not give birth to a child throughout her life.
Apart from these, malefic exalted Sun in the fifth house can trouble the native with several other problems, depending on his/her overall horoscope.