The detailed version of this article is featured in the book ‘Important Yogas in Vedic Astrology Part-2’.
Daridra Yoga is considered as a malefic yoga in Vedic astrology. According to its prevalent definition; if in a horoscope, the lord of 11th house is placed in the 6th, 8th or 12th house, Daridra Yoga is formed in such horoscope. This Yoga can trouble the native with problems related to profession, reputation, finances and a number of other problems.
In real practice, Daridra Yoga is not seen producing such results when only the aforementioned condition is met. Hence more conditions should be met in order for this yoga to be formed effectively in a horoscope. Looking at the first condition; the lord of eleventh house should be duly or partly malefic. Looking at the second condition; if the lord of eleventh house is benefic; it should be weak or afflicted in the horoscope, in order for this Yoga to be formed in such horoscope.
Taking an example, suppose Mars is placed in the eight house of a horoscope in Leo. Capricorn rises in the ascendant. Mars rules the fourth and eleventh house, it is benefic and it is strong. Hence Daridra Yoga may not be formed in this case. On the contrary; such placement of Mars may bless the native with good results related to profession. One such native may become a doctor, lawyer, police officer, army officer, air force officer, politician, minister, chief minister, prime minister or president; depending on his overall horoscope.
Taking another example, suppose debilitated Jupiter is placed in the twelfth house of a horoscope in Capricorn. Jupiter rules the eleventh house and it is weak. Hence strong Daridra Yoga may be formed in this case. Such native may suffer from financial problems; unless strong benefic planets interfere.
Once the formation of Daridra Yoga is confirmed in a horoscope, the next factor to check is its strength. The strength of this yoga is calculated through the placements of lord of eleventh house in various signs, nakshatras and navamshas; as well as through the influences of other benefic and malefic planets. The overall theme of horoscope also affects the strength of this Yoga.
Taking an example, suppose Mercury is placed in the twelfth house of a horoscope in Libra, in Pisces navamsha of Swati nakshatra. Scorpio rises in the ascendant. Mercury rules the eleventh house, it is malefic and it is not comfortable in Pisces navamsha of Swati nakshatra; within the sign of Libra. Hence strong Daridra Yoga may be formed in this case. The native may suffer from financial losses, insufficient income and a number of other problems; unless strong benefic planets interfere.
Looking at the running times; when Mahadashas (planetary periods) of benefic planets are in effect; malefic effects of Daridra Yoga may reduce. When Mahadashas of malefic planets other than the lord of eleventh house are in effect; malefic effects of this yoga may increase. When Mahadasha of the lord of eleventh house is in effect; the native may witness mixed results if such planet is benefic but weak; and he may witness malefic results if the planet forming this Yoga is significantly malefic and/or afflicted.