Related Articles : Vedic Poojas in Jyotish
Apart from the poojas performed for navagraha, Vedas mention many other powerful poojas which are performed in order to get blessings from a particular God or a pair of God and Goddess like Shiv Parvati and Lakshmi Narayan. A large number of such poojas are performed for different gods and goddesses depending upon what kind of result is required by the native and sometimes some natives get some of these poojas performed just in order to connect more closely and strongly to their Isht Devta. Some pandits believe that most of such poojas should be performed at religious places like Trayambakeshwar temple of Lord Shiva in Nasik, Ujjain, Haridwar, Gayaji or Badrinath dham but these poojas can bless the native with their good results even if they are performed in the nearby temple of your town and the most important thing for these poojas to be effective is the procedure or vidhi of these poojas. The vidhi or procedure for most of these Vedic poojas is similar with some changes like the Mantra which is chanted during a pooja, the day of start and completion of a pooja, Havan samagri to be used during the completion day, things to be donated on the day of completion of a pooja and some other things may be different in case of different poojas. In today’s article we will discuss the procedure for conducting a Vedic Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja in order to get specific good results from this pooja and from Lord Narayan.
Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja is performed with a specific count of chant or jaap of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra and through this Mantra, a connection is established with lord Vishnu who is the ruling lord of affairs related to our ancestors or Pitra. Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja is generally performed for the welfare and wellbeing of ancestors as well as in order to uplift and upgrade their status in various lokas or worlds where they may be residing after death. Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja is a very good remedy which can be practiced in cases where one or more than one of native’s ancestors had died and no proper after death rituals or no after death rituals were done for them due to which such ancestors may not be able to move to their proper lokas and they are stuck somewhere in between due to which sometimes such Pitras contact the native through dreams or other some phenomenon in order to let him know that they are not well and something needs to be done by the native in order to relieve them from their present state of uncertainty and probable misery. Apart from this reason, Shri Pitra Kalyaan Pooja can be performed for all the ancestors or Pitras in order to convey benefic Karmas and benefic results to them through this puja, in whichever worlds they may be at that time and in order to receive blessings from Pitras. But it should be noted here that Shri Pitra Kalyaan Puja is primarily meant for forwarding benefic karmas and benefic results to the ancestors in order to improve their condition in various lokas and not for the benefit of the native like in case of most of other poojas, through the native almost always gets the blessings of such Pitras who do so as a gesture of gratitude towards the native who is doing all the effort for welfare of Pitras.
Shri Pitra Kalyaan Pooja can be started and completed on any day of the week depending upon the suitability of the day according to the running time. The best times to perform this pooja are the days of Pitru Paksha or Shraadh which are about 15 days of the year which come once a year and during which the effect of anything done for Pitras or ancestors increases a great deal and which is why this time is named as Pitra Paksha which in literal sense means The Days of the Ancestors. Hence it is advisable to perform Shri Pitra Kalyaan Puja during Pitra Paksha or Shradh though this pooja can be performed during almost any time of the year. Shri Pitra Kalyaan Pooja is performed with the chant of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra in a specific count. Generally the Pandits are able to complete this chant or Jaap of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra in 7 days and hence this pooja is generally completed in a week and all the necessary steps for this pooja are conducted during this time. Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja vidhi or procedure may include many different steps at many stages and it is not possible to mention all of these steps here but we will cover most of the important steps for this pooja.
The most important step in performing any puja is to perform the chant of a Mantra specified for that pooja and this chant or jaap amounts to a number of 125,000 in most of the cases and accordingly a Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja should ideally include a chant of 125,000 Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra and rest of the procedure is built around this chant. To start with Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja, a specific day is chosen for the start and completion of this puja both of which are Saturdays in most of the cases. At the day of starting of this puja, a Sankalpam or resolution is taken by the Pandits which are usually 5 to 7 in number. In this Sankalpam, the head Pandit or the main Pandit takes an oath in front of Lord Narayan, Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha or in front of Lord Narayan alone that he and his other assistant Pandits are going to perform a chant of 125,000 Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra for a specific person who is the native and whose name, his father’s name and his family surname is also mentioned in Sankalpam. The names of the Pandits doing this chant are also mentioned, the days taken to complete this chant are also mentioned which are generally 7 to 10 days and the specific wishes required by the native as a result of this puja are also mentioned and this is the first step which starts a Vedic Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja. The specific wishes asked during the sankalp of this pooja generally include the wellbeing of ancestors or Pitras in their respective lokas, to provide benefic results of pooja to the ancestors, to relieve various Pitras from any unfavorable lokas or conditions, to receive the blessings of Pitras and some other similar kind of wishes.
After this, all the Pandits start chanting Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra on daily basis for about 8 to 10 hours a day and in such a way that they are able to complete the total chant of 125,000 mantras till the decided day of completion of this puja. The pundits keep on chanting Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra on daily basis till the day of the completion and they complete the committed chant of mantras on that day. After completion of chant of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra, the completion ceremony is arranged for the puja which can take about 2-3 hours if done with proper procedure. A puja for Lord Narayana, Lord Shiva, goddess Parvati, and Lord Ganesha is performed first and many kinds of offerings like flowers, fruits, yellow clothes for Lord Narayan and clothes other gods, sweets, halwa, dhoop, Deepak, milk, curd, honey, desi ghee, sugar and many other things which are specifically favorite to Lord Narayan are offered to these gods and goddesses and the completion of the resolution or Sankalpam taken by the pandits is repeated and it is conveyed to the gods by pandits that they have completed the chant of 125,000 Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra in the time promised by them and in the manner promised by them at the day of start of this pooja and it is also mentioned that all this chant and puja has been done on behalf of their client whose name and other details are again mentioned and it is then preyed that their client should be blessed with the good results of this Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja since he has followed all the procedures for this puja and he has got this puja performed through pandits in order to get benefic results from Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja. It should be noted here that this puja performed at the day of completion of Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja follows specific procedures and accordingly this puja and procedure can differ for different kind of Vedic Poojas.
Things related to and the things signifying navagraha or some specific planets among navagraha are also offered and donated during the course of this final puja ceremony for Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja and these things may include, rice, wheat, sugar, salt, oil, milk, blanket, copper utensils, pulses, lentils, white and black moles and some other things each of which relate to one or the other planet among navagraha. Apart from this, certain things or foods which were favorite to the ancestors are also donated like, if someone’s grandfather liked Mangos a lot, Mangos are donated during this process. Then the process of Tarpan is conducted through which with the help of Mantras, water, rice, white flowers and certain other things, all the things to be donated are passed on to the ancestors and it is prayed to Lord Vishnu that in whichever loka or world, the ancestors are, they should receive these things in their present or in form of some other kind of equally enjoyable benefit. After completion of Tarpana and this puja, the blessings are taken from the gods and goddesses and then the final ceremony of Havan is started which is the final and a very important ceremony as this is a ceremony through which a direct connection between the native and the corresponding planets or gods is established with the help of pandits and through the holy fire of havana. Havan is a very important and technical procedure and it should be done by expert pandits with great attention and care. After lighting the holy fire of havna, after starting the Havana and after doing the necessary formalities, the chant of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra is again started and this time with the completion of each mantra, a sound of Swaaha or Swaha is chanted by the pandits and upon the chant of this sound of Swaha or Swaaha, certain specific things which form the constituents of Puja Samagri and which can vary from puja to puja are offered in a specific way to the holy fire which has been lit to perform the Havana for Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja.
This process is repeated again and again and each time the pandits chant the sound of Swaaha or Swaha or Swaham after completing one chant of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra, puja samagri is offered to the holy fire of Havana in a specific way. Once the specific chant or Jaap of Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra fixed for the Havana is completed, some other important mantras are chanted which may differ from puja to puja and here again the puja samagri is offered to the holy fire of Havana at the sound of Swaha or Swaaha at the completion of each mantra. A dry coconut is finally cut and filled with certain specific things which may again be different for different pujas and this coconut is then placed in the holy fire of Havana as the final offering and with the chant of some specific mantras, and the desired result is again preyed by the pandits on behalf of the native. The client or the native is then asked to complete 1, 3 or 7 circles around the Havana kund where each one of these circular movement is called a Pradakshina or a Parikarama and upon the completion of this Parikarma the Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja is completed. And though a Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja includes some other steps and procedures than the ones mentioned above, but the above mentioned steps are the most important steps of a Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja and they should be done and executed by expert and established pandits. Missing some of the important procedures or not doing them properly can reduce the desired effects of the puja and the native may not get the proper benefic effect from his Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja.
There are some precautions which should be observed by the native during the running time of his Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja otherwise he may not get proper results from such Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja. From the time of start of a Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja till the time of completion of this pooja, the native for whom this pooja is being performed should abstain from eating non vegetarian food of all kind including fish and egg, he should stay away from liquors and alcohols of all kinds and he should also stay away from smoking for all this time. Apart from this the native should also not make sexual contacts with any female including his own wife and in case of unmarried natives they should stay away from their girlfriends as long as the Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja is going on. The native should also not engage in any kinds of bad conducts of violence, hatred or any other kinds of conducts which are considered immoral during the running time of Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja. The native should try to connect himself to Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja on daily basis which he can do by praying to Lord Narayan daily after taking bath and repeating the Sankalpam that the main Pandit had made on his behalf at the start of this pooja. The native should address Lord Narayana and say with his words or with his mind that he is getting a Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja performed with a chant of 125,000 Mantras of Lord Narayan and this pooja is being performed at such and such place by a specific number of Pandits and that he is following all the procedures and precautions with complete dedication and devotion and that Lord Narayan should bless him with the best possible results for this pooja.
It should be noted here that a Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja can be done in the presence of the native as well as in the absence of the native and in case the native is unable to be personally present at the place of Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja, this pooja is conducted with the help of native’s photograph or Picture in which the native should be alone and no one else should be present in the picture and this picture should be as recent as possible. In this case, the main Pandit will take the sankalp for Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja on behalf of the native in the presence of his photograph or picture. The name of native’s father and the surname of his family is spoken in the sankalpam and it is also mentioned by the main Pandit that this native is unable to attend to this pooja by means of his personal presence and hence a specific Pandit whose name and surname is mentioned, will be performing all the rituals to be performed by the native on behalf of the native. It should be noted here that this Pandit is one of the Pandits who are going to do a chant of 125,000 Shri Pitra Gayatri Mantra for the native. This way the rituals to be performed by the native at the starting day and completion day of Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja are performed by the chosen Pandit and it is conveyed by him on both of these days that he is performing these rituals on behalf of the native whose photograph is always kept present during the puja and it is used as a symbol of the native. For example, if the chosen Pandit is supposed to offer flower to Lord Narayan, he will first touch his hand carrying the flowers with the picture of the native and then he will offer those flowers to Lord Narayan and all other rituals are also performed likewise. It is important to note here that even if the native is personally not present for his Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja, he is strictly supposed to practice all the necessary and above mentioned precautions for his Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja, in whichever part of the world he may be present during the running time of such Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja. The native should also keep on repeating his Sankalpam for Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja on daily basis as mentioned above and he should ask for the best results of this pooja from Lord Narayan.
Completing a Vedic Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja with a chant of 125,000 mantras of Lord Narayan and doing it with due procedure, dedication and devotion can definitely bring desired results for the native whereas missing important steps of puja or altering the Shri Pitra Kalyan Pooja vidhi or procedure in an improper way may reduce the benefic results of such Shri Pitra Kalyan Puja from some extent to great extent.
Note : The Pooja procedure described above is indicative and there may be some changes in the procedure of this pooja across various geogrophical regions of India, due to difference in local customs and beliefs. Changes like starting day of a Pooja, the number of Pandits performing the Pooja and the number of hours for which a mantra is chanted by the Pandits on daily basis may be observed from Pooja to Pooja and from region to region and these changes should be accepted according to the advice of the Pandits doing your Pooja.